Ten Must Read Books about Mathematics

Euler’s FormulaI love books with the ability to inspire readers. Many non-mathematicians consider mathematics as something abstruse and complicated, suitable only for ‘nerds’. Often I highlight the unfounded nature of this prejudice, but nothing is more effective at disproving this stigma than a good book. I was in fact able to quickly change many of my friends’ views on the topic, by just giving them a good book which shows the beauty and fascinating nature of mathematics and science in general. The following is a list of great titles, most of which are fairly cheap. Not all of them are suitable for the mathematically illiterate though, and thus cannot simply be considered popular science. In the description I’ll give you fair warning if a particular title is better suited to those who are more advanced when it comes to math.

  1. The Man Who Loved Only Numbers: an original biography of the genius Paul Erdős, who was arguably the most prolific mathematician of the last century , renowned for being just as much of an eccentric as a math whiz. This book won its author a 1999 Aventis Prize for Science Books and you can watch a lecture that the author, Paul Hoffman, gave about the subject. As you can expect for such a unique mathematician, this book is filled with anecdotes and fascinating facts. If you are like me, you’ll buy a copy for yourself and will end up buying copies for your friends as a means of providing them with a light and interesting reading.
  2. An Imaginary Tale: The Story of “i” [the square root of minus one]: complex numbers are what puzzle many non-mathematicians the most. It’s intuitively easy to explain Rational and Real numbers to the layman, but complex numbers are often seen as something mysterious. In this book, Nahin goes the extra mile in his attempt to provide historical details as well as insight into the motivation behind complex analysis, offering a serious introduction to the topic that will also serve many mathematically inclined high schoolers and freshmen well.
  3. Dr. Euler’s Fabulous Formula: Cures Many Mathematical Ills: the author, Nahin, follows up his first book above with this gem – with a somewhat ridiculous title – about the most beautiful equation in the history of mathematics: \displaystyle e^{\i\pi} + 1 = 0. It’s a delightful read, but beware that the author cuts to the chase in this one, and expects from the reader a solid understanding of complex numbers, as he exposes the application in various fields and covers advanced topics such as Fourier Series and Integrals (dedicating a chapter to each of them). Therefore I would consider the book “An Imaginary Tale” above, a prerequisite before approaching this book.
  4. Godel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid: this book is one of the most famous bestsellers in the world, and should have a spot in any technically minded person’s library. I would argue that it is a particularly good read for programmers. It’s really hard to give justice to this tome in a few lines, so if you want you can read more about it through the reviews on Amazon or through its wikipedia entry.
  5. Mathematics for the Nonmathematician: history and methodologies of mathematics are well covered in this very inexpensive title. It combines two aspects which are difficult to match: it’s a page-turner like many math popular titles, while being instructional as well as an effective introductory text to basic mathematics for students and amateur mathematicians alike .
  6. God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History: the historic introduction to some of the greatest mathematicians who’ve ever walked the face of the earth is worth the cover price alone. But this book is so much more than that, covering a wide range of mathematical topics which have been developed throughout history, in an accessible but rigorous way. It is admittedly more challenging than your average popular math title, but if you already have some mathematical basics mastered and are willing to work through it, you’ll gain a lot of insight about the nature of mathematics and the discoveries made by the giants of math from this excellent book.
  7. Fermat’s Last Theorem: if you are interested in learning more about the history and fascinating tales which surround one of the most well known theorems, this book will provide you with a marvelous and entertaining way to spend a Sunday afternoon. My wife who is not a mathematician, simply loved this book for its rich story telling and coverage of a topic with substantial historical significance.
  8. The Code Book: The Science of Secrecy from Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography: another intriguing title, by the same author of Fermat’s Last Theorem above. This book will get you excited about the topic of encryption and its history, from the time of Caesar right up to the future direction which encryption is taking in today’s technology based world. It currently has 5 stars on Amazon with 232 positive reviews out of 234.
  9. To Infinity and Beyond: What’s infinity? What it is its impact on mathematics and what are its cultural implications that it holds? These questions are clearly answered in this book which provides a beautiful exposition that is accessible to anyone. Read this book and chances are you’ll feel a sense of enlightenment as you soak up the words of this amazing writer. I would particularly recommend it as a gift for teenagers in high school, as a way of getting them interested in mathematics. This book will provide them with an essay on the reasons behind the study of Calculus and the practical implications within the areas of Art and Astronomy as well.
  10. Prime Obsession: Bernhard Riemann and the Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics: unsolved number theory problems are a huge fascination for many mathematicians and hobbyists. It’s a fun field full of challenges and discoveries just waiting to spring forth. ‘Prime Obsession’ focuses on the Riemann’s Hypothesis, the most important unsolved problem in Mathematics. A reviewer on Amazon does an excellent job at describing the beauty of this book, quoting him: “Prime Obsession is a delight: a book about a hypothesis on the distribution of prime numbers that reads like a gripping mystery. Most fiction isn’t this vivid, moving, and well written, and this is no fiction. It is history, biography, philosophy, and, yes, mathematics brought to life with wit and wonder. You have to read this extraordinary book. This is the story of the Reimann Hypothesis, the greatest unsolved problem in mathematics today.“.

In the comments below feel free to share your thoughts on these books (if you have read any of them) and add other to the list which are near and dear to your own mathematical heart.

… No differential equations were harmed in the making of this post. :-)

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77 Responses to “Ten Must Read Books about Mathematics”

  1. Person says:

    I am 12 and loved fermats last theorem. It was amazing. Thankyou for the list of books. I find that maths books for people of my age are dreary because they are sooooo easy. I am looking forward to reading the recommended books. Thanks again!!!

    • Prinn says:

      I read your post here, and I thought you might be able to answer a question for me. I have a six year old boy who loves number. He is advanced for his years, so I am looking for books that will interest him without being too adult or too childish. Do you (or anyone) have suggestions?

      • Nachiket Karnick says:

        You can check out Mathematical Circles: Russian Experience by Dmitri Fomin, Sergey Genkin and Ilia.V.Itenberg. Its a wonderful book and quite elementary, and is meant for young school students. You can have a look at it on and see whether it is suitable. (There are a couple of other similar books too- Moscow Math Circle and Berkeley Math circle).

  2. Asim Bijarani says:

    You didn’t include “Mathematics; from the birth of numbers” it’s very nice historical book about mathematics

  3. Dominik says:

    Thank you for this great list! I am really fascinated by mathematics, so reading these books will be a real joy. 😉

  4. E o “O Tio Petros e a Conjectura de Goldbach”? É fantástico!

  5. Mayur says:

    1. Journey Through Genius: The Great Theorems Of Mathematics
    2. men of mathematics
    3.A Mathematician’s Apology

    these books should also be included to that list

  6. Jack says:

    Dont forget Flatland by Edwin Abbott!

  7. jaguarzzz says:

    a mathematicians apology is online at some U’s site

  8. Andrew says:

    “Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Idea” was more of a history of zero, but very interesting and well written.

  9. pankaj mishra says:

    these books really gives a path to people to know and learn about basic mathematics.


  10. Ben says:

    The best book for maths is by far ‘Alex’s Adventures in Numberland (Alex Bellos)’. Clear, concise, really good variety, easy read. It requires quite basic mathematical knowledge, but it gets tricky at some places, I went back a couple of times. That being said, it doesnt make you feel stupid, it makes you feel like a genius when you’ve finished!

  11. Kimberly says:

    My principal is requiring that all 9th-grade academy students read two books in every class. I need to know which of these books would be good for high expectations/various skill levels (books that can be read with support, not asking for low reads.)

  12. a student says:

    I live in kolkata. Can anyone tell me from where I can get these books?

  13. PW says:

    What about the book “A Mathematician’s Apology” by G. H. Hardy? I especially like the anecdote of the number 1729.

  14. Kristofers says:

    Everyone of these books seem worth reading.

  15. Kalex says:

    An oversight, surely: “A Man Who Knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius Ramanujan,” by Kanigel.

  16. Kalex_redux says:

    Another gem in my own library: “Pi: A Source Book,” by Berggren, Borwein, and Borwein. A fascinating collection of the literature on pi, going back 3500 years and right up to modern times (including the Bailey-Borwein-Plouffe method for determining arbitrary digits of pi. Yes, there’s actually a way to determine the 901st, 902nd, and 903rd digits of pi. Works of Euler, Ramanujan, Newton, Wallis, Hermite, Weierstrass–even Umberto Eco (Foucault’s Pendulum, The Name of the Rose)

  17. Omeir Ahmed Khan says:

    This is a great list.

    I also like to suggest:
    “Letters to a young Mathematicians” by: Ian Stewart

  18. Steven says:

    1. A Long Way From Euclid – Constance Reid
    2. Innumeracy – John Allen Paulos
    3. Measurement – Paul Lockhart
    3a. A Mathematician’s Lament – Paul Lockhart

  19. Nachiket Karnick says:

    Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction, (160 pages, so quite short) by Timothy Gowers is a very beautiful and lucidly written book. The author is a first rate mathematician and writes very clearly. If this book doesn’t make you find mathematics intriguing and exciting, I don’t know what will. For more information about the book, check out Amazon.

  20. Tyler says:

    “Mathematics for the non mathematician” was fantastic and is the book that helped me fall in love with mathematics. “Love and Math” by Edward Frenkel is also a great math book.

  21. Jay says:

    “Beginner’s Guide to Constructing the Universe” – by Michael Schneider.

    “The Equation that Couldn’t be Solved” – by Mario Livio

    and what about Euclid’s Elements?

  22. Khalid Nawaz says:

    Can someone please tell me what is the name of the author of “To infinity and beyond”.

  23. user41041 says:

    Geometry and the Imagination by Hilbert and Cohn-Vossen

  24. Tamara Laurel says:

    I recommend a book by Jim West called Libellus de Numeros (The Book of Math) that makes math and science relevant and fun in a story of magic and danger. The story is about Alex, a young precocious girl, who mysteriously gets transported to a strange world where Latin and Math combine in formulas and equations with magical effects. With a cruel council leading the only safe city of its kind in this world, she will have to prove her worth to stay as well as help this city as it is the target for two evil wizards who seek to destroy the city and its ruling council. To help the city and also get back home, she will need the help of the greatest mathematician of all time, Archimedes. In a world where math is magic, Alex wishes she paid more attention in math class. Search for the book on Goodreads for reviews. A review mentioned, “A lot of the books that have educational elements embedded
    in the plot feel forced. Libellus de Numeros is just the opposite. The math, science, etc. are natural, organic, contributing parts of the plot that fit in seamlessly.” My 11-year-old daughter just finished reading it and she
    learned math and science in a fun way.

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